The debate over Proposition 8 has been a heated one in the state of California. The proposition stems from a May 2008 California State Supreme Court decision that made it legal for the state to begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples. That 2008 State Supreme Court decision overruled Proposition 22, which was passed in 2000 with 61 of the vote and was designed to limit marriage in California to the union between a man and a woman. After the court overturned Proposition 22, Proposition 8 was filed in order to restore the ban on gay marriage and to halt […]

One of the almost forgotten issues in the 2008 presidential campaign has been the opportunity the winner will have to name new Supreme Court justices. Five of the nine justices will be 70 years old or older when the 44th president takes office in January 2009. Both parties were certainly aware of the potential for appointing Supreme Court justices in the next four years, but the issue was mostly lost in the lengthy debates over experience, the Iraq War, the bank and credit crisis and the candidates’ previous affiliations. Age and health are two of the factors which will determine […]

Much has been written and discussed about women leadership and advancement. It is still a fact that women advance more slowly than their male counterparts because men are more likely than women to ask for prestigious opportunities that will raise their visibility. Women’s economic and intellectual power is significant. According to the Census Bureau women in the U.S. will outnumber men during the first half of the century from 5.3 million in 2000 to 6.9 million in 2050. Women’s earning and investment power is substantial. Studies have shown time and time again that organizations that know how to leverage women […]

The Supreme Court has refused to hear a copyright appeal by Clare Milne, the grand-daughter of Winnie the Pooh creator A.A. Milne. Clare was attempting to regain control of one of the most lucrative literary franchises in history. A.A. Milne wrote the original Winnie the Pooh stories between 1924 and 1928. The name was inspired by Winnipeg Bear, a former mascot of the 34th Fort Garry Horse, a Canadian cavalry regiment. The regiment had donated the bear to the London Zoo during World War I. In 1930, Milne granted a license to Stephen Slesinger, who promptly created Stephen Slesinger Inc. […]

Interpreting the Eighth Amendment ban on cruel and unusual punished under the U.S. Constitution, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled on May 17, 2010 that locking up a juvenile youth under the age of 18 years for life, without parole, is punishment that is unconstitutionally “cruel and unusual.” An exception, however, may exist in cases involving a juvenile who commits a killing of another without a legal justification or excuse. Florida’s Juvenile Justice System Leads in Need for Rehabilitation Under the Supreme Court’s ruling, Florida’s industrial prison complex system must release 77 people who committed non-homicide crimes as juveniles and were […]

At thirty-three years old, Hugh Henry Breckenridge arrived at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers. Breckenridge hoped that he would have greater success in Pittsburgh than he did in Philadelphia. Early Life of Hugh Henry Brackenridge In 1763, Hugh Henry Brackenridge is brought to Pennsylvania from Scotland. He is raised in York County not far from the Maryland border. After being educated in the Normal School and at the age of sixteen he went on to attend the University of New Jersery, which later became Princeton University. At Princeton, Brackenridge befriended Philip Freneau who he co-wrote “The Raising […]

Does somebody owe you money? Perhaps you loaned somebody some money, but they failed to repay you. Did you hire a contractor to do some work for you on your home, only to find that they did not only do a poor job but never held the qualifications to do this work in the first place? Did you purchase a vehicle from a dealer that was allegedly certified and safe to drive, only for you to learn on your first drive home that your engine is failing? These are all common legal issues people in Ontario encounter every day that […]

The Ontario justice system is attempting to open doors to its citizens seeking access to certain courts and tribunals. Tribunals are like courts, except they make decisions in specific matters, such as worker’s compensation and landlord and tenant disputes. In 2005, the Access to Justice Act was introduced in the Ontario legislature and passed into law in 2006. Among other things, this bill created a professional designation and recognition of non-lawyers in Ontario’s justice system. Since the 1980’s, non-lawyers attempted to break the barriers of affordability for clients in a wide range of minor matters, such as traffic court and […]

Although the average age of the Court is younger now that John Roberts and Samuel Alito are on the bench, the average age of the justices is still almost 70. Four justices are over 70, and John Paul Stevens will be 88 when the next Supreme Court term begins. What this means is that at least one justice, in all likelihood, will retire before the next presidential term is concluded. At least one other—Ruth Ginsburg, who is 75—will likely retire as well. Antonin Scalia and Anthony Kennedy are 72 and 71, respectively, although there are no signs that either is […]

In 1989, Savannah police officer Mark Allen MacPhail was killed while trying to assist an assault victim in the parking lot of a fast-food restaurant. At the time, eyewitnesses insisted that Troy Davis was responsible for the murder. A Georgia court convicted Davis in 1991 and sentenced him to death. Since Davis’s conviction, however, new evidence has arisen in his case. Between 1991 and 2009, seven of the nine eyewitnesses admitted that they had lied about seeing Davis kill MacPhail. Instead, they indicated that another individual was responsible for the murder. Several said that they had named Davis because they […]